Factors influencing access to education for Sudanes urban refugees in primary schools in Kikuyu District, Kenya
Njenga, Irene W
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors influencing access to education to Sudanese urban refugees in primary schools in Kikuyu district. The study was guided by the following objectives; to determine if the attitude of fellow students and teachers influence on enrolment, to assess the availability of facilities, equipments and materials in enhancing access to education, to examine the extent to which the language of instruction influences access, to determine the relationship between parents/guardian level of education and access, to establish if the economic status of a family influence access and to identify if the Kenya policies to primary education have influence to access. The research used the ex-post facto design. Three hundred and thirty five pupils were sampled from twelve schools, four teachers from every school were used and ten head teachers. Questionnaires and interviews were used to collect of data. The questionnaires were piloted in two schools. The questionnaires were pretested using the test retest. Data was edited, coded and analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) using descriptive statistics. The research was based on the rights based approach to education in emergencies. The proponent of this approach is the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. The results of the data analyzed showed that there was a significant relationship between the learning environment and access of education to the Sudanese urban refugee pupils. Language of instruction, being English and Kiswahili was evident that a majority had a problem with which hindered access. Parental level of education and economic status of the parenti guardian was also indicated as a factor influencing access, where a majority of the refugee parents have only the non formal education and do not have source of income. Psychosocial factors were also evident as a factor hindering access. The researcher recommended that the ministry of special programmes should educate urban refugees on their rights and UNHCR policies and procedures on working with them. The school should also have guidance and counseling and free English and Kiswahili language remedial program. The researcher recommended that further studies should be carried out on the factors hindering access to education to Sudanese urban refugees but within the context of secondary. The same study sliould be conducted in other urban refugee communities in other regions for comparative purposes.