Socio-economic factors influencing implementation of Njaa Marufuku Kenya programme for sustainable food security in Makuyu Division, Murang'a County
Food security has remained a major challenge for the governments around the world. Kenya in particular has suffered for long over food insecurity both in urban and rural areas. Studies have discovered that, despite the much effort by the government and donor agencies in funding food-based programs, implementation of the same has remained an issue. Makuyu division in particular has been under several famine interventions like World Food Programme, World Vision Kenya, and Njaa Marufuku Kenya among others. Despite the much effort of the said agencies, the area has remained vulnerable to hunger and poverty. In line with this, the study sought to investigate socio-economic factors influencing implementation of food-based programmers in the area of study. The study focused on the demographic characteristics, land accessibility, capacity building and income level of the program implementers. Descriptive survey was used to gather information from the programme implementers from a target population of the 180 members of the groups undertaking the project activities and four NMK government officers. A sample of 123 members selected from the eight NMK funded groups through stratified proportional simple random offered required information by responding to the provided questionnaires. The study instruments were validated prior to actual data collection by close consultation with research experts and peer students. A self help group different from the study population was used for pilot testing. The scores obtained from the pilot objects were correlated to determine the instruments reliability. Obtained raw data were systematically organized, coded, analyzed through descriptive statistics with aid of a computer Software Statistic Package for Social Scientists and finally presented using percentage, frequency distribution and cross tabulation tables. The research findings showed that demographic characteristics; gender, age, marital status and family size had great influence on implementation of NMK food-based programmes. Land accessibility; availability, size and ownership greatly influenced implementation of the NMK programme. The study also found that capacity building and the level of implementers' income were great influencers of programme implementation. The study recommends for gender balance in funding and capacity development towards implementation of food-based programmes. The government should also check on the issue of land which the study found a barrier to the implementation of agricultural projects.