Factors Influencing Use Of Information Communication And Technology By Teachers In Kenya:a Case Secondary Schools In Kasarani District.
This research sought to investigate the factors that influence the use of information communication technology by teachers in Kenyan schools. The factors included types of service automations in schools, level of computer literacy of most teachers, influence of attitude and the availability of training policies in schools. The research was guided by technology acceptance model or theory of planned behaviour to better understand the role of ICT in teaching. The study employed both qualitative and quantitative research design. The target population for the study was 200 teachers in secondary schools in Kasarani District of Nairobi County. The population for the study were top management teachers, middle level teachers and low level management in the seven secondary schools in Kasarani namely: Baba dogo, Kamiti secondary, Kariobangi North.Girls, Starehe girls, kahawa garrison, Our lady of Fatima, Ruaraka High school and garden estate secondary. A sample of 127 teachers was selected at random from the 8 schools for the research study. Primary data was used for the study and the research instruments were questionnaires. The data was analysed using SPSS version 22 and other statistical methods. The response rate was 85.82%. The study revealed that ICT adoption and use by teachers in schools has promoted Job enrichment that has led to increase of decision making competences for teachers involved in some educational processes, further the study also established that ICT Adoption has led to simplified teaching, while others also contend that ICT Adoption and use has led to the improvement of educational processes in the school. The study established that majority of the respondents have reported to be comfortable with use of computer applications in teaching, the study also established that computer effectiveness is a mode of students learning, further the following factors influence on the ICT adoption and use; Intra-organizational agendas, Emotions of teachers and Organizational culture of the schools and how they perceive the use of ICT in teaching. The study finally established that adoption of ICT has with it some consequences, the study established that adoption, acceptance, and adaptation of ICT policies, Organizational assimilation and integration of ICT, Structure of curriculum, Institutional environment and Performance are components of ICT adoption training policies in schools. It is evident that service automation, levels of computer literacy, attitude on computer use, and training policies on ICT influence the use of information communication and technology by teachers in Kenyan schools. The study found out that all the identified factors do influence the use of information communication and technology. Following the finding of this study, therefore, the researcher recommends that there is need to address these factors before and during the process of introducing use of Information communication and technologies in schools. Technological officers taxed with the responsibilities of introducing technologies in schools and teaching should first explore the strengths, limitations or otherwise of these factors in a particular case of teaching before introducing new technologies to the institutions. Computer services through practical on subject demonstrations and practical’s should be enhanced.