The impact of cash transfer programme on the welfare of orphans and vulnerable children: a case of Saka Location of Garissa District
Hadi, Sheikh Mohamed
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This paper sought to establish the impact of cash transfer programme on the welfare of orphans and vulnerable children, a case of SAKA location of Garissa district. The paper was guided by four objectives which includes; to establish the contribution of the cash tranfer Programme on education of the orphans and vulnerable children in SAKA location, to establish the contribution of Cash Transfer Programme on health of the orphans and vulnerable children in SAKA location, to establish the contribution of Cash Transfer Programme on food of the orphans and vulnerable children in SAKA location and to establish the contribution of Cash Transfer Programme on civil registration of the orphans and vulnerable children in SAKA location. The literature review focused on the work done by other researchers on cash transfers. It focuses on General social protection programmes, Social Protection and Economic Development, Linking social protection to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), Development projects and interest in social protection, the concept of cash transfer programme in Kenya its rationale and development. The study embraced the case study technique to enable the researcher get detailed information on the impact of Cash Transfer Programme on the welfare of the Orphans and Vulnerable Children. The questionnaire was the main tool for data collection and the target population included all the households in SAKA location estimated to be 1255. The sample size of the study was 125 heads of the households. The data was analysed using the SPSS programme and the data is presented by use of descriptive narrative, percentages, means and frequencies. The study revealed that since inception of the cash transfer programme in 2004 as a pilot project, the programme has addressed the welfare of the OVCs in relation to education, food, health and civil registration matters. The study also revealed that more children are able to access education and respondents are able to meet Education requirements by use of subsidies from the cash transfer programme. The study also revealed that the primary level of education is the highest beneficiary of the cash transfer Programme .In line with health the study revealed that mortality rate of the children reduced due to many caretakers taking children under five years for immunization and older children to health centers when sick from other ailment. However, it was noted that the money is not enough to meet all medical expenses and therefore people turn to relatives or sell their property to meet their medical expenses. On matters of food, the study revealed that the cash transfer plays a key role in the livelihood of the people because the money is mostly used to buy food which is a basic need. However, the respondents expressed fear that the amount received from the programme is not enough to meet their basic needs more so food. On the matters of registration the study established that the cash transfer programme playa key role by enabling the OVCs to get registered with civil registration through provision of transport to travel to registering centres' and in meeting the late registration charges.