Effects of south Sudan instability on Kenyans economic and human security: a case study of Nairobi and Turkana counties
It is no longer arguable that one country‟s internal political, social and economic stability are vital for another country‟s economic and human security. There is regional spillover effect of one‟s country instability and Kenya‟s case against South Sudan‟s instability due to Civil Wars isn‟t exceptional. This study aimed at analyzing effects of South Sudan Civil Wars on Kenya‟s economic security limiting the scope to cross border trade and influx of refugees into Kenya. Chapter One gives a brief introduction of the topic as well as background to the research problem. It also specifies the statement of the research problem as well as listing objectives of the research. This is followed by hypotheses and justification of the research problem. Literature review is followed by theoretical framework and methodology of the research. The methodology entails the qualitative and quantitative approaches in order to gather comprehensive outcomes, thus a conclusive research. Chapter Two gives historical relations between Kenya and South Sudan. Chapter Three presents findings from a sample of Kenyan exporters to South Sudan in Nairobi City County followed by Chapter Four that tables findings from Turkana County„s host community, refugees and security agencies. The summary of key findings, conclusions and recommendations are discussed in Chapter Five. The principal conclusion of the dissertation, in Chapter Five, is that South Sudan‟s Civil Wars have affected Kenya‟s economic and human security where free trade is affected leading to loses in Kenya firms and increases the presence of South Sudanese refugees in Kakuma Refugee Camps. Further strategies and actions are indispensable, beginning with more secure trade routes including LAPPSET and Northern Corridors, bilateral trade agreements, Kenya‟s further role in search of peace and security in South Sudan, empowerment of Turkana people to reduce their dependence on camp, enhance approaches that promote coexistence, and promote peace and security.