The perceived effect of continuing professional development on individual performance of professional nurses in ministry of health owned facilities in Nairobi city county, Kenya
Continuing professional development as a process has characterized all professions, nursing notwithstanding with varying effects which necessitates an examination thus the study. The objective of this study was to establish the perceived effects of continuing professional development on job performances of nurses in Nairobi City County, Kenya. The study was carried out within the Ministry of Health owned health facilities in Nairobi City County which had a population of 1450 of nurses at the time of the study. The study design was cross sectional and descriptive with random sampling used as the sampling technique. A sample size of 217 was selected for the study with respondents drawn from the different health facilities in Nairobi City County. Data analysis was done by use of Statistical Package for Social Scientists (SPSS). The findings are presented by use of tables. The findings of the study indicated that overall (mean of 3.93) nurses believe that continuing professional development does positively affect their job performance. However, the respondents strongly felt that continuing professional development has greatly helped them address their performance challenges (mean of 4.43) and improve their skills and competencies (mean of 4.12), these two components carrying more weight than that which they attached to performance improvement alone at a mean of 3.24. Overall the nurses in the study felt strongly that continuing professional development has a positive effect on their job performance. However this feeling was more pronounced in nurses between 30-39 years and with more than 15 years of practice. This means therefore that that there is need to establish what will positively affect the performance of the younger and the older nurses to enable them perform at higher levels. The study recommends that the Nursing Council of Kenya should align the continuing professional development requirements and activities with nurses’ needs, expectations and performance improvement goals. The study recommends that Nairobi City County government should develop a framework to ensure equitable nurses’ selection for participation in continuing professional development. The county should also address other performance enabling factors as continuing professional development may not be the only factor that affects performance.