Determinants of project sustainability among select ed non - governmental organizations in the health sector : a case of Nairobi county
This purpose of this study was to establish the determinants of project sustainability among NGOs in the health sector; a case of Nairobi County. Th e study was guided by the following objectives: To determine how income diversification influences project sustainability among NGOs in the health sector; To establish how project conceptualization influences project sustainability among NGOs in the health sector; T o explore how strategic planning influences project sustainability among NGOs in the health sector and to assess the influence of monitoring and evaluation on project sustainability among NGOs in the health sector . Descriptive survey design was u sed for the study. The target population consisted of 190 top, middle and low level managers in these NGOs and beneficiaries of the projects that they implement. The sample size was a total of 160 respondents drawn from the target population using the Kre j c ie and Morgan ’ s table and systematic random sampling technique. Questionnaires were used as instruments for data collection. Primary data from the field was edited first. Coding was then done to translate question responses into specific categories. Codin g organize d and reduce d research data into manageable summaries. Quantitative data collected was analyzed by descriptive statistics while content analysis techniques were used to analyze qualitative data. Descriptive statistics such as means, standard devi ation, frequencies and percentages was used to describe the data. The analyzed data was then presented in form of tables. On the influence of income diversification on project sustainability, the respondents strongly agreed that income diversification infl uences project sustainability to a very great extent with a mean of 1.39 and a Standard Deviation of 0.49. In terms of how project conceptualization influences project sustainability, the study established that project conceptualization influences the sust ainability of NGO projects to a great extent with a mean of 2.02 and a Standard Deviation of 0.54. In investigating the influence of strategic planning on project sustainability, the study found that strategic planning to a very great extent with a mean of 1.41 and a Standard Deviation of 0.70. In studying the influence of monitoring and evaluation on project sustainability, the study found that M & E influences the sustainability of NGO projects to a very great extent with a mean of 1.57 and a Standard De viation of 0.50. In conclusion, the study found that all the independent variables of the study which are income diversification, strategic planning, project conceptualization and Monitoring and evaluation influence project sustainability among NGOs. The s tudy therefore recommends that NGOs should diversify their income, engage beneficiaries and incorporate sustainability strategies during project conception , have operational strategic plans and integrate monitoring and evaluations in their projects to ens ure project sustainability . The study recommends that more research should be carried out on the same issues in other counties and also investigates other factors that have not covered in this study.