Inequalities and spectral properties of some classes of operators in hilbert spaces
Imagiri, Kathurima S
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Every normal operator is diagonalizable and every reducible operator can be expressed as a direct sum decomposition of a normal and a pure operator. Furthermore, any two similar operators have the same spectrum. The Putnam-Fuglede theorem implies similarity and both the Putnam’s inequality and the Berger-Shaw inequality are measures used to conjecture how far a given linear operator is from being normal. Boundedness of the self commutator of an operator, also follows from these two inequalities. If the self commutator is bounded, the operator in question becomes reducible, hence decomposable and eventually diagonalizable. In this thesis, through normality, diagonalizability of n-Power normal, n-Power quasinormal and that of w-hyponormal operators was investigated. In addition, three different operator inequalities, that is, the Putnam-Fuglede theorem, the Putnam’s inequality and the Berger- Shaw inequality, were studied for n-Power normal, n-Power quasinormal and w-hyponormal operators. The main tools used are such as the Lowner-Heinz inequality, the Furuta’s inequality, polar decompositions, Aluthge decompositions, direct sum decompositions, matrix decompositions, the kernel condition, similality and quasi-similality.