Determinants of immunization coverage in Kenya
The Division of Vaccines and Immunization under the ministry of health strives to ensure that vaccines are available at all levels of the health care system. This is in line with the vision 2030 where all forms of health care services are available and affordable in order to improve the health status of the people. This study is mainly concerned with establishing key factors that determine utilization of immunization services in Kenya with evidence from Kenya Demographic and Household Survey 2008-2009. Specifically, the study explores the pattern of children immunized across different regions and estimates the factors that are necessary for usage of immunization services in Kenya. Binary probit model has been used in estimation process. Age of the mother, education levels, marital status, literacy levels, place of delivery, household size and birth order are the study variables. The study results show that at 5% significance level, the age of the mother, literacy levels, place of delivery, and birth order are significant factors that determine utilization of immunization of services in Kenya. The study findings further indicate that the age of the mother, literacy levels and place of delivery were positively related to the utilization of immunization services in Kenya while birth order was found to be negatively related to childimmunization. The study suggests that the ministry of health under which department of immunization lies need to allocate a good proportion of their expenditure in educating people on the importance of family planning as well as reproductive health to improve immunization coverage in the long run.