Determinants of contraceptive use: a comparative study of disabled and non-disabled women in Kenya
There is a global concern of the participation of disabled persons in national development. Poverty, discrimination, and stigma, are the major socio-economic problems faced by persons with disabilities. The reproductive health problems fated by women with disabilities include sexual exploitation, unwanted pregnancy and complications during childbirth. The study sought to establish the determinants of contraceptive use among disabled women in Kenya. Specifically, the study examined the effect of socio-economic, socio- cultural and demographic on contraceptive use among the disabled and non-disabled women in Kenya. The study was conceptualized within the Bong arts Conceptual model (1978). The data for this study were obtained from The Kenya National Survey for Persons with Disabilities Survey-2008. Logistic regression was the main method for data analysis. The contraceptive use for women with disabilities is of concern because of the discrimination and exclusion of this group from active participation in the society as compared to their non-disabled peers (Jans & Stoddard, 1999; Trainor, 222 2007). Overall, the findings from this study indicate that access to family planning is a critical factor explaining the use of contraception. These findings are consistent with the literature, which outline limited access to family planning services occasioned by both cultural and religious beliefs. In this regard, Information, education and communication (lEe) on Contraceptive needs for women with disabilities also need to be developed with special focus not only on the messages but also on the various forms of disability. GOK and other stakeholders could take up development and production of IEC materials on Contraceptive use specifically targeting WWDs. These should be up to date and properly distributed with translated versions in the various local languages for effective reach.