Factors affecting effective use of donor aid by International Non-Governmental organizations in Kenya: a case of USAID
Kioko, Irene W
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The purpose of this study was to examine the factors affecting effective use of donor aid by International Non-Governmental Organizations in Kenya. The study was guided by the following specific objectives: (i) to establish the extent to which technical factors affect effective use of donor aid by International Non-Governmental Organizations in Kenya; (ii) to determine the extent to which factors attributed to donor behaviour affects effective use of donor aid by International Non-Governmental Organizations in Kenya; and (iii) to establish the extent to which managerial factors affect effective use of donor aid by International Non-Governmental Organizations in Kenya. In order to undertake the study a descriptive survey was used. The sampling frame was the listing of staff in the various departments of USAID in Kenya. Stratified sampling was used to select the staff of USAID who participated in the study. Each department was a strata, represented by the Head of department. In order to investigate the research objectives stated above, both secondary and primary data were collected and analyzed. Data analysis involved preparation of the collected data - coding, editing and cleaning of data in readiness for processing using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) package version 19.0. SPSS is preferred because it is very systematic and covers a wide range of the most common statistical and graphical data analysis. The data pertaining to profile of the respondents and their respective organizations was analyzed using content analysis. Factor analysis was performed to explore the underlying variance structure of a set of correlation coefficients. Confirmatory Factor Analyses was used to determine the ability of the adopted conceptual model in fitting the observed set of data. To better understand the characteristic of each variable, descriptive statistic analysis was used to illustrate the means, and the standard deviation of each research variable. Presentation of information was done with the aid of bar charts, frequency tables, percentages, standard deviations and mean scores. The information was presented and discussed as per the objectives. Further, the findings indicate that the factors that affect effectiveness of donor aid in Kenya include: technical factors; factors attributed to donor behavior; and managerial factors. The key areas mentioned include inadequate funding; wrong timing in funds disbursement; lack of/or inadequate human resource capacity (Knowledge and skills); lack of accountability (overstatement of prices and use of substandard materials); insecurity; disagreements among beneficiaries; and Social-cultural obstacles.