Displacement conservation in Kenya: the case of the Mau Forest Complex
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The project reviews existing literature which examines the Kenyan government's defense on displacement for conservation in the Mau Forest complex. Although evidence abounds that certain human activities such as logging, forest burning, plantations, etc have caused degradation of forests and endangered no evidence shows that the Ogiek undertake theses practices and therefore despite the government's good intentions displacing the Ogiek would be 'contrary to the aim of conserving the critical resources in the Mau Forest Complex. The study examines how displacement can also be a source of conflict by displacing a population they become even more impoverished with their lifestyle being altered as a result. The aim of the study was to give an overview of how conservation can be a form of natural resource conflict through the practice of displacement. Also shows that displacement of indigenous people is either justifiable or not but also what are the repercussions on politics and ecology. Recommendation from this study highlighted the need for alternative conservation practice the most favored was participatory approach to conservation which involves ail the stakeholders conserving the forests while removing the poverty element that results from access denial. Information gathered for the study were from interviews held, articles from books, magazines, internet search. Some of the key findings for the study outlined the fact that displacement while it is good intentioned it is detrimental to those who are affected by the practice the Ogieks who become impoverished as a result of being displaced from their habitation. Secondly, displacement is an expensive process should policy makers decide to resettle the indigenous people the cost of the land, the host community would also require. compensatio~ of some form for allowing an increase in their community, risk of conflicts between the settlers and the host community due to resource scarcity . participatory conservation is seen as the best option for forest conservation. This ensures all stakeholders are catered to, preventing the feeling of loss by one side.