Factors influencing implementation of projects in state owned sugar firms in Kenya: the case of South Nyanza Sugar Company Limited
The Kenyan sugar industry has been undergoing changes in an effort to diversify their product line and strengthen their revenue base in the current turbulent business environment also threatened by the COMESA rules. As such a number of sugar companies have invested in implementation of various projects to expedite diversification process so as to attain projected performance and achieve their missions. This study was therefore set to investigate the factors influencing the implementation of such projects in state owned firms within the Kenyan sugar industry by focussing on SonySugar Company Limited in Migori County, Kenya. This was necessitated by challenges facing Implementation of Projects in the sugar industry. The study intended to answer the following questions: How does the Financing influence the Implementation of Projects in SonySugar Company Limited? Does the Public Procurement System in Kenya, influence the Implementation of Projects at SonySugar Company Limited? How does the Management Structure influence the Implementation of Projects at SonySugar Company Limited? What is the influence of the Personnel Competency on the Implementation of Projects at SonySugar Company Limited? And whether the Environment is Suitable to sustain the Implementation of Projects at SonySugar Company Limited. In the literature review, relevant studies in the area were analyzed to identify study gaps. The literature review finalized with the theoretical literature and the researcher's conceptualization of the study variables. The study was carried out at the project management and other divisions that dealt with projects in the company where the staff acted as the respondents. Other respondents were the top management in the company. Theresearch utilised descriptive survey design in which stratified random sampling technique was employed in selecting a suitable sample size from the target population. The data collection instruments used were interviews and questionnaires which contained both closed and open ended questions. Prior to the main research, a pilot study was carried out to pre-test the instruments to enhance validity and reliability. Then the data was collected and analysed both qualitatively and quantitatively. The results were then presented inform of frequency tables and percentages for interpretation, discussion, conclusions and recommendations. The major findings were that the key determinants to succefull Implementation of Projects in SonySugar Company Limited are having people who are competent to handle project implementation process, suitable Envirnmental orientations for the projects, Management system that is sound and proactive, Financing process which should be spelt out clearly and the Procurement system which is flexible. Based on the findings, the study recommends that the management of SonySugar Company Limited to improve on the Personnel Competency with emphasis on relevant projects skills, Environmental orientation through culture change programs coupled with effective and timely communication addressing the link between strategic issues and strategies in place to attain projeted performance, Management Structures for effective corporate government, Financing through effective financial modelling for proposed projects and the Procurement process in order to enhance their project management systems.