Population distribution and urbanization.
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Approximately 6.7 million people, or 52% of the total Kenyan population, in 1969 was concentrated in only 5.46% of the total area; 1/3 of the land area was carrying well over 90% of the total population. It is this spatial inequality in the distribution of population that explains many of the regional problems of resource development. The spatial pattern of rural population distribution in Kenya is a reflection of the complex interaction of environmental factors, including rainfall, productivity of the soil, socioeconomic factors, and the inhibiting influence of the biotic factors. Among the many aspects of population change that will continue to command the increasing attention of policymakers in Kenya and the rest of the world is the problem of urbanization. According to the Nairobi Urban Study Group, the urban population will increase from about 10% of the total population in 1969 to about 18% in 1985. The objectives of Kenya's urban development strategy include: 1) the achievement of maximum development of rural areas, 2) the establishment of a more even geographical spread of the infrastructure consistent with the objective of national development, 3) the encouragement of the expansion of several large towns, 4) the continuation of the development of a network of communication between areas, and 5) the adoption of standards of urban infrastructure that are closely related to what the country as a whole can afford.