Factors influencing implementation of Biogas technology by households in Kasipul Kabondo Constituency, Homabay County
This study was carried out to investigate the factors influencing implementation of Biogas Technology by households in Kasipul Kabondo Constituency, Homa-Bay County. The use of biomass as a source of fuel has existed since the dark ages. It is estimated that in the past 50years, land covered by forests has dropped from about 50 percent to leis than 4 percent, GTZ(2006). This is attributed to forest clearing for cultivation and cutting of trees for fuel. Biogas technology was first initiated in China around 1970 and is currently well established in several countries. Kenyans are currently embracing biogas technology including Kasipul Kabondo Constituency. This study was guided by the following objectives: to investigate how the level of training influence implementation of Biogas in Kasipul Kabondo Constituency, to examine how access to funds influence implementation of Biogas in Kasipul Kabondo Constituency, to establish how availability of raw materials influence implementation of Biogas in Kasipul Kabondo Constituency, and to determine how access to alternative sources of fuel influence implementation of Biogas in Kasipul Kabondo Constituency. The study was guided by the following research questions: How does level of training influence the implementation of Biogas in Kasipul Kabondo Constituency,how does access to funds influence the implementation of Biogas in Kasipul Kabondo Constituency, how does availability of raw materials influence implementation of Biogas in Kasipul Kabondo Constituency, and how does access to alternative sources of fuel influence the implementation of Biogas in KasipuL Kabondo Constituency. Increase in use of biomass by a big percentage of population in Kasipul Kabondo Constituency as a source of energy in form of firewood, charcoal, twigs, straws and crop residues has its own negative effects on the environment. Despite the efforts to reduce the use of firewood, charcoal and other forms of biomass, the rural families still contribute heavily to environmental degradation through cutting of trees. The effort to introduce biogas, a clean and renewable source of fuel is equally meeting challenges in Kasipul Kabondo Constituency. The findings of this study were to benefit residents of Kasipul Kabondo Constituency, the Government of Kenya and the NGOs. The study adapted descriptive survey. The study targeted 1200 farmers in Kasipul Kabondo Constituency. A Sample of 10% was used. The research instruments used was a questionnaire. The investigator did piloting' using one group. Content validity was ascertained through expert judgment of colleague Master students and some experts in the field. To test reliability of the instruments, the investigator used test-retest method. The investigator used research assistants to collect data from respondents. Questionnaires were hand delivered by the researcher and research assistant and picked the same day. Data analysis was done by both quantitative and qualitative techniques. Quantitative data was analyzed by use of simple descriptive statistics that is frequencies, percentages and averages .. The qualitative data was analyzed and reported in narrative form. Data analysis, presentation and interpretation was done through the use of tables and a summary of the finding, conclusions recommendations were made. The study revealed that the factors identified by the investigator influenced biogas implementation in Kasipul Kabondo Constituency Homa-Bay County. The study suggested that a similar study be conducted to establish factors influencing biogas implementation in other areas, effect of bio-slurry on crop production in the same area the influence of biogas technology in secondary schools in Kenya then finally the influence of training on biogas implementation in another region.