The Coombs direct antiglobulin test in Kenyans
MetadataShow full item record
The direct antiglobulin test (DAT) was performed on 243 subjects in Kenya. A high incidence of positive DAT was found in children with malaria of whom 70% had RBCs coated with IgG, C3 and C4 either separately or together. Only 12% of paediatric patients with conditions other than malaria had a positive DAT. Most positive DATs in association with malaria occurred in children between 18 months and five years of age. There was a lower incidence of positive DAT in Kikuyu children from an area of low malarial transmission than in children from other tribal groups who reside in areas of high malaria endemicity. A high rate of positive DAT was also found in patients with visceral leishmaniasis. Interestingly there was an association of IgG and C4 but without C3 on red cells of five patients with visceral leishmaniasis and two schoolchildren from an area endemic for visceral leishmaniasis. This combination was not found in other patients.