Effect of provision of micro-finance on the performance of micro-enterprises: A study of youth micro-enterprises under Kenya Rural Enterprise Program (K-REP), Kisii County, Kenya.
Nyabwanga, R. Nyamao
Odondo, Alphonce J.
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Micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs) sector contributes 20% to the GDP of the Kenyan economy. The vision of micro finance is to promote the growth of micro enterprises. In pursuit of this vision, the rapid growth of Micro finance institutions (MFIs) has made MSEs access to credit more than doubled from 7.5% in 2006 to 17.9% in 2009. Despite this increase, a recent study has shown that over 50% of MSEs continue to have a deteriorating performance with 3 in every 5 MSEs failing within months of establishment. This brings to question the effectiveness of the role of micro finance in promoting growth of micro enterprises. The objective of this study was therefore to evaluate the effect of provision of micro finance on the performance of youth micro enterprises under K-REP program in Kisii County, Kenya. The study employed a cross sectional survey design. A sample of 86 youth micro enterprises was selected from a population of 110 youth micro enterprises using simple random sampling technique. Primary quantitative data were collected by use of structured questionnaires and analysed by use of descriptive statistics, multiple regression analysis and Pearson correlation coefficient. The empirical results revealed that loan had the largest significant effect on performance of micro enterprises with a beta coefficient of 0.385, followed by training in micro enterprise investment with a beta coefficient of 0.281 and Savings mobilization had the least but significant effect with a beta coefficient of 0.272. Based on the research findings, the study concludes that provision of micro finance has a significant effect on the performance of youth micro enterprises in Kenya. Therefore provision of micro finance to the youth to engage in micro enterprise activities will help spur economic development and alleviate youth unemployment, in line with Kenya’s vision 2030.
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