Factors influencing the effectiveness of entrepreneurship training programmes: a case of 'financial knowledge for Africa' Kenya
The main purpose of this study was to identify factors influencing the effectiveness of an entrepreneurship training programme. Although there are many factors that influenced the effectiveness of entrepreneurship training programme, this research project only focused on training methods, learner characteristics, programme content and facilitators skills and examines their influence on entrepreneurship training programme. Researcher elsewhere have noted that the non - competitive production or incorrect competition among entrepreneurs , insufficient knowledge of the trainers from types aJﾥl kind of the financial and non - financial supports provided to entrepreneurs in the country, lack of resources and useful and informative teaching aids ( films, slides and etc ), teaching methods ,lack of correlation with the realities of the communities and the learners little familiarity with different jobs reduces the effectiveness of entrepreneurial training programme. Literature on entrepreneurship training methods, learner's characteristics, programme content, facilitator's skills has been studied through secondary sources. This includes literatures on entrepreneurship education and training on global perspective and has narrowed down to Africa and Kenya. A conceptual framework has been presented to show the relationship between the variables in the study. This research adopted a descriptive survey design to study factors influencing entrepreneurship training effectiveness at FIKA programme. The study targeted a sample of 30 field officers and 291 graduates who had undergone the training programme. Snow ball sampling technique was used to select sample. Data was collected using structured and unstructured questionnaires and an interview guide. The qualitative data were coded, and classified into major themes from which a summary report was made. Quantitative data was analyzed using descriptive statistics supported by use of tables, frequency distributions and percentages. The study established that the choice of training methods influence the effectiveness of entrepreneurship training programme. Most of the respondents liked a mix of experiential learning and classroom learning methodologies. The study also established that Age, education levels, gender, family size, parental ownership of business all had an influence in enterprise establishment. Subject contents like financial management, budgeting and entrepreneurial skills were highly preferred respondents as the best course units. The role of facilitators was established to be of key significance in influencing effectiveness of the entrepreneurship programme. It was established that a trainer provides a favorable environment for effective instruction, provide Ieaming materials, uses strategies that promotes effective instruction, gives direction on the learning content and offers appropriate classroom management necessary for effective instruction to take place in a classroom. The study recommends that appropriate mechanism for feedback channels should be inbuilt to be used to improve on the programme, learner centered strategies should be incorporated during instruction, entrepreneurial skills, business skills and motivation skills are the mix of content most desired and facilitators should be chosen out from people who have practical experience, business training and educational teaching approaches. Entrepreneurship education is significant in enhancing development of an economy, therefore appropriate methods, time, resource and quality should be employed in such programs to achieve quality results.