Factors Influencing The Provision Of Housing In Kenya: A Case Of Nairobi County
Housing and especially access to a decent standard of living is a basic human right enshrined in the Millennium Development Goals and Kenya’s Constitution 2010. This is because housing plays a huge role in revitalizing economic growth both in developed countries and developing countries. The main purpose of this study was to determine the factors influencing the provision of housing in Nairobi County. The specific variables of the study were aimed at determining how cost, infrastructure, security and technology affected the subject of house provision. The study used descriptive survey research design. This design was chosen because the factors under investigation had already occurred and the researcher did not have the capacity to influence them. In addition, the study was undertaken in an expansive area. The target population for this study was 190 households. By use of Fisher et.al method, a sample of 83 households was derived. Data collection procedure adopted purely followed a social science analogy. Primary data was collected through questionnaires as the main source of data for analysis. Data analysis was done using SPSS statistical software version 21, while qualitative data was analyzed by coding according to variables in the study for efficiency. Analysis of variance test was used to check on the relationship between categories on independent variables and the dependent variable. Correlation coefficient and multivariate regression model was used to establish whether a relationship exists between the independent and dependent variables. The study found out that one unit change in cost results in 0.045 units increase in housing provision. One unit change in infrastructure results in 0.043 units increase in housing provision; a unit change in security results in 0.039 units increase in housing provision; a unit change in technology results in 0.034 units increase in housing provision.The study concluded that cost, infrastructure, security and technology influence the provision of housing. The study recommends provision of policies that allow for better and more efficient housing project processes. It also recommends improved reporting and feedback structures as well as improved stakeholder relationships with an aim of increased performance initiatives for all involved in projects delivery.