Factors Influencing Implementation Of Alcoholic Drinks Control Act Of 2010 In Muhoroni Division, Kisumu County, Kenya
This Project research discussed factors influencing implementation of Alcoholic Drinks Control Act of 2010 and how the government tried to influence the implementation of the Alcoholic Act itself. The dangers posed by society in establishing the positive and negative aspects of alcohol in society. The knowledge and perceptions of the Alcoholic Act to the local Administration, the Family system, the community and its integration and re settlement. Most successful families benefitted a great deal from the sale of the Alcohol across various networks. Some countries trying to authorise the brew reached some time and decided to lift the licence. It remained a matter of deliberations until when new governments placed mechanism to allow the sale. Various Acts were put in place to solve the problem. The influence of this organ made tremendous impact on the alcoholic uptake. In many of the countries that authorised the brewing and sale it realised quite a large portion had to cease from taking the alcohol. When some ideology is hindered from the people‟s perception then it becomes accepted to the subjects. This made many to take on the precinct that if found then vigorous steps, conviction in nature, may be subjected to them. It was necessary to understand whether the governance structures and systems were informed of the alcoholic act and eventually pinpoint the availability of resources to enable the full implementation of the Alcoholic Act of 2010. In the study, the researcher explored stakeholder sensitization influencing implementation of the Act where vital areas such as the views on substance abuse, the magnitude of substance abuse, factors influencing substance abuse population vulnerability were included. The study focused on attitude of stakeholders upon which incorporated peer influence, parental influence ,access to alcohol, role of alcohol in society, practices around advertising and promotion, information and education, healthcare of healthcare providers, quality and integrity, among others. In the structures and systems dwelt on the inflation, legislation landscape fragmentation, then resources allocation had enforcement resources, Administrative placement, state-local partnerships, administrative penalties and limits to authority. Questions concerning the objectives needed to be articulated to help in solving the demise. The study used descriptive research design due to the vast area. The study used both quantitative and qualitative data collection systems. Random Purposive sampling was used involving local administrations, head of departments, businessmen and some victim of alcohol. The researcher analysed data using simple calculations and comparisons of compiled data in percentages and in representing them in simple tables. Data using questionnaires was grouped, organized and categorised according to specific objectives and research questions. These were answered using descriptive statistics of frequency counts and percentages. A total of 12(37.5%) stakeholders said that their parents by sensitizing youth between 15-35 years on the dangers of alcohol and substance abuse. A total of 5(62.5%) local administration officials said that the local community was supportive of the reforms the local administration staff believed that the local community was positive because, they reported incidents of drug abuse among them. Out of the 11 stakeholders who affirmed that protective factors were enhanced, 4(36.36%) said that it was done so by educating and sensitizing the public on the dangers of drug abuse. The study found that though the stakeholders were sensitized on the act, it only went as far as them knowing about the act. The stakeholders were also having a positive attitude towards the act. However efforts to implement the act were hampered by poor resource endowment in terms of data management systems, personnel, enforcement resource, agencies and financial resources. This affected the implementation of the alcohol act. The study recommended that there was need for more sensitization among stakeholders through trainings, workshops and seminars. The act should be implemented step by step with the participation of all stakeholders so as to have a positive attitude. There should be merger of private and public institutions as well as non-governmental organizations. The available resources should be optimally used. The research suggested to be carried out at another county more so in an urban setting. Senior decision makers should be involved.