Influence Of Public Private Partnerships On Maize Crop Value Addition In Kenya: A Case Of Kimilili Sub-county
Food security and especially maize production and distribution as Kenya’s staple food have of late been declining. This has become a pertinent issue for the survival of a country’s increasing population and urban settlement population and in particular within the Kimilili Subcounty despite the fact the Kimilili area is well endowed with good climatic conditions. Many maize farmers, in Kimilili sub-county, sell their maize immediately after harvesting them only to purchase it back later in the season when their own saved stocks have been consumed. Maize value addition (production, processing and distribution) in Kimilili sub-county does not only provide food security to the population, it is also a source of livelihood to about 60% of the population in Kimilili sub-county in form of employment generation. This research endeavoured to assess the influence of government engagement with relevant private stakeholders in form of Public private partnership (PPP’s) in maize value addition to meet the population food security needs and increase chances of business and livelihood creation among the local people in Kimilili sub-county. The study sought to investigate the influence of PPPs (Financing support services, Market Information and Intelligence, Communication systems, Extension, Research and Development, Infrastructure development, Government policy and Regulations) on maize value chain in Kimilili sub-county. A questionnaire with closed ended questions was prepared and distributed to respondents in all the wards and collected after one week. The return rate was 96%. The study adopted a descriptive survey design and stratified sampling in its research. The Yamane formula was used to get a sample size of 202 respondents. Questionnaires and interview schedules were used to collect data. Descriptive statistics such as mean, frequencies and percentages were used to compute and summarize data, which was then presented in the form of frequency tables and percentage. The findings revealed that financing in maize crop value chain happens at all stages of value addition. The study showed that traders dominate the maize crop market channel right from farm gate. The study also showed that more farmers accessed either research and extension services in maize crop value chain. The findings showed that underdevelopment of key infrastructure facilities has limited value addition of maize crop in Kimilili sub-county. It was concluded that farmers preferred financing at input supply and production stage in maize crop value chain, less effort has been taken by farmers to market their produce directly to consumers and institutions of higher learning, extension and research services provided to farmers in maize crop value addition are more inclined towards input supply services. The green maize was in high demand in Kimilili sub-county during off-peak seasons. The study generated opportunities for sustainable partnership engagement to improve the maize value chain in Kimilili sub-county.