The impact of profit warning announcements on share prices at the Nairobi Securities Exchange
Muite, Leonard N
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This study examined share returns following unexpected corporate announcements that are described as profit warnings. The study tested whether there are abnormal returns on share prices after the announcement of profit warnings. The report is based on the 59 companies quoted on the Nairobi Securities Exchange (NSE) and samples drawn from companies that have issued profit warnings. The research design used was the event stud1 which assessed the impact of an event on the value of a firm. In the event study, the calendar date of the profit warning announcement became time zero in the event time and all remaining periods were presented in the event time in relation to the event date. This research used the eleven day event window where five days are prior and five days are after the profit warning announcement. The sampling method used was the census on the companies that are listed in the NSE and made profit warning announcements. The result of this research indicates that profit warning has impact on the stock return in the NSE and the impact is negative and significant for the period of pre-warning and post-warning and on the day of actual announcement. The more significant impact was noticed during the period from one day before to three days after the profit warning. There are also indications of information leakages where there were abnormal returns a day before the profit warning announcements. The study therefore concludes that profit warning impacted significantly on the share return in the NSE by creating an abnormal return during the announcement period. Based on this research, the recommendation to the investors or practitioners in the NSE is that profit warning announcements are information events that influence the investment decision and should thus expect abnormal responses of share prices following such announcements.