Factors influencing implementation of major road infrastructure projects in Kenya: a case of the southern bypass project, Kenya
Road construction is considered to be one of the most important aspect in an economy, as it interacts with nearly all fields of human endeavor. The productivity, welfare, and security of both rural and urban people are greatly influenced by the level of infrastructural links to various centers of administration and commerce. Research reveals that road construction projects do not succeed as initially planned due to the volatility and complexity of projects and its delivery mechanism. Generally, experiences show that, medium to large size projects appear frequent victims because project complexity fluctuates proportionately with the increase in project size. The purpose of the study was to establish the factors influencing the implementation of major road infrastructure projects in Kenya by examining factors such as: project resource mobilization, Organizational Top Management, regulatory environment and monitoring and evaluationon on implementation of major road infrastructure projects in Kenya with reference to the Southern Bypass project. The study adopted a descriptive survey methodology taking a total population of 125 informants comprising of managers of construction companies and consultants from which a sample of 94 respondents was selected using stratified proportionate random sampling technique. Data was collected using semi structured questionnaire. Quantitative data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and Qualitative data was analyzed thematically using content analysis while Multiple regression analysis was conducted to establish the relationship between the variables. The study may be useful to Kenya Roads Board (KRB), Kenya Rural Roads Authority (KeRRA), Kenya Urban Roads Authority (KURA), Engineers Registration Board , County Development Offices and road contractors in Kenya in understanding their weak and strong points as far as road construction in Kenya is concerned. The study may also be utilized by construction professionals operating in Kenya to gain better understanding on the factors influencing implementation of projects in order to improve performance in project delivery. The study deduced that the aspects of project resource mobilization that influence implementation of projects include financing methods, adequacy of funding, technology availability and project contract mechanism with adequacy of funding having the highest mean score of 4.060 while staffing scoring the lowest of 3.503 . Also it concluded that Organizational Top Management influence implementation of major road infrastructure projects through developing standard procedures, risk identification and allocation, communication systems, technical capability, coordination effectiveness, upfront planning efforts, developing an appropriate structure and decision making effectiveness with developing standard procedures having a mean score of 4.416 while decision making with the lowest mean of 3.564. It was established that the aspects of monitoring and evaluation that influence implementation of roads infrastructure projects include: reporting and review, responses in place, control mechanism, monitoring schedule, performance reviews, data collection and Management and identification of the purpose and scope of the M&E with reporting and review with highest mean score of 4.418 while identification of the purpose and scope of M&E scoring the lowest of 3.636. Finally the study revealed that aspects of regulatory factors including corporate taxes, administrative approvals environment, quality assurance program, safety program, sanitary and building codes, rules on importation of materials, licenses and permits and minimum wage tares influence implementation of major infrastructure road projects with corporate taxes scoring the highest mean of 4.200 with wage tares scoring a low of 2.944. The study recommends that the governmet should ensure that it allocates adequate resources both financial and non-financial to the infrastructure projects it plans to implement. The project also recommends that the Organizational Top Management should ensure effective implementation of infrastructure projects in the country.The study finally recommends that the government should examine the policies governing the implementation of infrastructure projects in the country.