Factors influencing implementation of the African Development Bank funded project in the Ministry of Higher Education, Science and Technology-Kenya
The African Development Bank (AIDB) Group provided funding to finance the support for Technical, Industrial, Vocational and Entrepreneurship Training (TIVET) project with the Ministry of Higher Education, Science and Technology as the executing agency. The project aims at constructing new Technical Institutions, upgrading existing ones, developing Human capacity, carrying out curriculum review, creating centers of excelle~ce and integrating l C'F in TIVET. The primary objectives of the project are to improve access, equity and promote quality and relevance of TIVET courses. The project is among projects expected to support the realization of Kenya's vision 2030 by providing readily available technically skilled quality human resources to run the enhanced economy. The project has been lagging behind by two years despite the fact that it boasts of all the requisite inputs required to realize a successful project. This project lag time points to the fact that there are challenges contributing to the slow pace of implementation of the project. This research sought to explore the factors influencing the implementation of the project in order to improve its pace of implementation and to draw important lessons for future projects. I n particular, the researcher assessed the extent to which project critical success factors such as organization communication, top management support, project scheduling, Project Strategic Planning and use of technology influences the implementation of donor funded projects. The main research questions was to determine to what extent projects' critical success factors influences the implementation of donor funded projects; this is investigated by carrying out a survey on the Support for Technical, Industrial, Vocational and Entrepreneurship Training Government of Kenya/African Development Bank project. The study research design was exploratory since the researcher sought to assess project implementation in light of critical success factors and understand what is happening in the implementation case. Exploratory research design is employed in this study since there seem to be no research in the area of project management as a variable influencing the implementation of donor funded projects; most of the studies in the area of donor funded project seem to concentrate on, governance issues, value for money and impact of donor funded projects in the economies of the recipient nations. The study findings indicate that; success in any project is subject to management of a number of project constructs which identified as project scope, project budget, project timelines and adherence to set quality standards. An organization that successfully attains these constructs is therefore said to be effective in project implementation. Many factors that influence effective implementation of projects, organizations may focus on factors that seemingly contribute to success of projects, but their actual contribution is low. Thus a critical assessment provides them with an opportunity to direct energies and resources towards the right strategies. The Project Strategic Planning in donor funded projects focused on defining project goals and ensuring that the goals are well understood among stakeholders. Successful project implementation requires adequate communication channels which is extremely among all the departments and levels in an organization. Embracing technology in the implementation of donor-funded projects is vital in to proper completion of such projects. The study recommended that; a need for project organizations to enhance stakeholder involvement, a focus on horizontal as well as vertical communication and monitoring and evaluation be undertaken in every step of project implementation. A further study should be undertaken on the emerging trends in project management and their effect on project implementation as well as effects of globalization on project implementation.