An Assessment Of Land Use Conflict In Peri-urban Areas Of Nairobi: A Case Of Drumvale Estate – Ruai
Conflicts over land use have led to both complex laws and serious disputes in many societies. Tenure insecurity is a factor in the generation of conflict. In Kenya land use conflicts has resulted in loss of lives and properties as seen in the cases of Sinai fire tragedy (2011 ) and Lang‟ata Road demolitions (2013). They sometimes cause rampant pollution to the environment. With the increase in urban land use conflicts, there is need for evidence, documentation and mitigation measures since there is relative lack of research focused explicitly in this area. This study investigated the nature and causes of land use conflicts, their effects on development, general living conditions and possible planning intervention measures to address the underlying land use issues in the entire Drumvale estate. Survey design methodology was employed targeting entire Drumvale estate‟s households/landowners population. Registry Index Maps (RIMs) were digitized, attributed, mosaic created and 5 clusters formulated from which 3 clusters were randomly selected. Questionnaires were administered to 36 household/landowners from each cluster selected by simple random sampling. Interview schedules were administered to Drumvale cooperative, local chief and police, county and private surveyor, Nairobi county planning department and NEMA. Spatial data was collected from field survey, and satellite imagery. Three land use conflict case studies were purposively analyzed. Data was analyzed by excel, SPSS and GIS software. The findings show land ownership, site development, drainage, soil dumping and boundary conflicts as the major land use conflicts. Their major causes were found to be informal land subdivisions and transactions, lack of land tenure documents, inadequate planning and non-implementation of development controls. Their effects were land grabbing, tenure insecurity, flooding, loss of life and properties, and environmental degradation. The study recommends immediate adequate planning, sensitization and implementation measures, creation of an efficient and effective land management system, professional ethics and policing, and paradigm shift on issues related to land transactions.