Factors influencing enrollment and retention of Somali bantu girls in secondary schools in the Daadab refugee camp
The purpose of the study was to explore the factors influencing enrolment and retention of Somali Bantu girls in secondary schools in Daadab refugee camps. The study was guided by four research objectives. Research objective one sought to establish the impact of cultural practices of Somali on refugee Somali Bantu girls secondary school education , research objective two sought to determine the influence of school based factors on refugee Somali Bantu girls enrolment and retention to secondary schools education , research objective three sought to assess the influence of domestic labor on refugee Somali Bantu girls enrolment and retention in secondary schools while research objective four sought to evaluate how implementation of the Kenya’s education curriculum impacts on the enrolment and retention of refugee Somali Bantu girls in secondary schools in Dadaab refugee camps. The researcher used descriptive survey because it was concerned with the aim of describing the characteristics of a particular group. The study was conducted in Dadaab refugee camp which had seven secondary schools namely; Tawakal, Dagahley, Nasib, Ifo Secondary School, Towfig, Waberi and Hagadera secondary school. The researcher sampled 283 of Somali refugee girls,4 head teachers and 63 teachers. Pearson Correlation Coefficient was used. The study found out that cultural practices had an influence on refugee. Majority 177(69.4%) of girls agreed that most Somali Bantu girls were discouraged with secondary school education due to poor performance in class. Majority 44(73.3%) of teachers indicated that FGM affect the Somali Bantu refugee Girls education. From the interview the NGOS Staff and social workers it was indicated that female genital mutilation and marriages constraints were some of the social-cultural factors the organizations considered to have hindered the enrolment and retention of Somali Bantu Refugee girls to Secondary Education in Dadaab Refugee Complex. There was a positive relationship (0.68) between Cultural practices and enrolment and retention in secondary school education in Dadaab refugee camps. The results show that cultural practices influenced enrolment and retention in secondary school education in Dadaab refugee camps at 68%. There was strong positive (0.75) relationship between school based factors and Somali Bantu girls’ enrolment and retention to secondary schools education in Dadaab refugee camps. There was a positive relationship between the two variables as indicated by a correlation of 0.53. The results indicated that domestic labor influenced enrolment and retention in secondary schools in Dadaab refugee camp. There was strong positive (0.63) relationship between Kenya’s education curriculum and enrolment and retention in secondary school education in Dadaab refugee camps. The study concluded that FGM affect the Somali Bantu refugee Girls education. The researcher concluded that instructional language for effective in curriculum implementation. It was also concluded that teachers were adequately prepared to effectively handle curriculum implementation. In the light of the research findings, the researcher recommended that since there was a language barrier in refugee schools as most students do not understand English and this discourages them from attending schools, proper mechanisms to be used to improve this situation. NGO’s operating at the refugee camps to understand the constraints to that causes low enrolment and retention of Somali Bantu girls in secondary schools in Daadab, with an aim to stimulate policy formulation and decisions concerning refugee Somali Bantu girls’ education in Daadab refugee camps.