Factors influencing enrolment of learners in basic adult classes in Kenya: a case of Bungoma south sub county, Bungoma county
Adult education is the art and science of teaching and educating adults. Adult education takes place in the work place through extension school or school of continuing education. Other learning places include community colleges, folk high schools and life-long learning centers. The purpose of the study was to investigate the factors influencing learner enrolment in adult basic classes in Bungoma South Sub County, Bungoma County. The following objectives guided the study. To establish the extent to which social-cultural gender roles influence adult learnerenrolment in the adult basic education programmes, to establish the extent to which attitudes of adult learners influence enrolment in adult basic education programmes ; to examine the extent to which teaching and learning resources used in adult basic education programmes influence enrolment and to determine the extent to which learner economic background influence enrolment in adult classes in Bungoma South Sub-County. The theoretical framework that guided the study was based on the Adult learning theory propounded by Rogers (1999). The dysfunctional theory states that any educational programme brings in mind the question of learning resources, teachers training, teaching resources, learning facilities, attitudes of the learners and the content covered. The study employed the use of census survey to select adult learners. The study sample comprised of 5 adult education centers, 97 adult learners, and 10 adult education teachers. The research instruments used in this study was questionnaires. A pilot study was taken to establish the instrument validity. To ascertain the reliability of the instrument the test -retest technique was used. Majority of respondents cited that they enrolled with adult education classes due to the need to keep their present job. It can be deduced that majority of the respondents enrolled into adult basic education programs to gain literacy skills and as a pathway to further education. The study recommends that employers and other stakeholders should encourage their employees without formal education to enroll with adult education centers, so as to enable them keep their jobs, Adult learners to have positive attitudes towards adult education. They should be encouraged to pursue adult education as a way of bettering their lives and lastly the program managers should design literacy programs within the context of the community and should offer the most relevant curriculum so as to equip their trainees with the required skills.