Influence of teenage pregnancy on completion rates among girls in public day secondary schools in Kimilili Sub-County
Retention of students from the beginning of their education to completion at any level is the hallmark and the ultimate goal of any education system in any country. Compared to boys, girls face numerous hurdles in their pursuit of education that causes unanticipated school interruptions and the likely eventuality of school dropout; a phenomenon that affects equitable human capital formation. Specific to the girl child, is the menace of teenage pregnancy and the associated secondary school dropout that this study sought to address. The study was guided by human capital theory. The specific objectives were: to establish the extent to which individual factors influence teenage pregnancy in public day secondary schools in Kimilili Sub-County, to examine the extent to which home based factors influence teenage pregnancy in public day secondary schools in Kimilili Sub-County, to determine the extent to which school factors influence teenage pregnancy in public day secondary schools in Kimilili Sub-County and to assess the extent to which teenage pregnancy influence completion rate of girls in public day secondary schools Kimilili Sub-County. The study deployed descriptive survey research design. The accessible population was 300 form four girls, 18 Directors of Study and 1 D. o. E. Stratified random sampling was used to come up with 90 form four girls from 8 schools and 8 Directors of Study while census sampling was used to select the D.o.E. The study used questionnaires for students and Directors of Study and an interview schedule was administered on the Sub County D.o.E. Validity of the instruments was determined by the researcher who formulated items according to the research objectives. Experts from the Department of Educational Administration and Planning verified content validity. The instruments were piloted in two schools that were excluded in the actual study and test re-test method was used to calculate reliability. A reliability coefficient of 0.6 was attained and hence accepted as reliable. Data collected was analyzed using measures of central tendency. Results were then presented using tables. The study found out that individual sexual behaviour of students, lack of strict parental supervision and monitoring, home poverty, poor academic performance at school, and sexual harassment by both boys and teachers exposed girls to the problem of teenage pregnancy. The study also established that over 40% of the girls‟ dropout cases were due to teenage pregnancy over the four year cycle in day secondary schools in Kimilili Sub-County. The study recommended the creation of clear partnerships between public health facilities and schools to promote effective utilization of YFRHS, sensitization of parents on their roles, monitoring of poor academic performers at school and legal prosecution of teachers found harassing school girls.