Factors influencing disbursement of constituency bursary funds to students in public secondary schools in Vihiga Sub County, Kenya
The purpose of this study was to establish the factors influencing disbursement of Constituency Bursary Funds to students in public secondary schools in Vihiga Sub County, Kenya. The objectives of the study were; to establish the extent of availability of government funds, to examine political factors, to determine public awareness on availability of bursary schemes and to establish the extent to which application procedures influence disbursement of bursary funds to students in public secondary schools in Vihiga Sub County. The study used descriptive survey design to analyze data. The respondents were the 4 CBF committee members, 8 principals and 867students from form one to form four using questionnaires and an interview schedule. Reliability of the instruments was determined by piloting the instruments in one of the schools in the sub county that did not participate in the final study. The interview schedule was piloted on one of the CBF committee members that did not take part in the final interview. Validity was enhanced by requesting experts in research methods to examine the instruments for content validity. Qualitative and quantitative data collected was analyzed and presented using tables of frequencies, percentages and figures. The study assumed that; needy students in Public secondary schools in Vihiga Sub County face the same disbursement challenges in their access of bursary information, application, and disbursement of funds from the CDF; availability of government funds, political factors, public awareness and application procedures, are the only factors that influence disbursement of bursary funds to students in public secondary schools in Vihiga Sub County and that respondents gave objective and reliable information concerning disbursement of bursary schemes in the Sub County schools. Key findings revealed that; many needy students in public secondary schools had not benefitted from the bursary disbursement process while several undeserving students had benefited from this scheme, the government had availed bursary funds to bursary committee to disburse the funds to all deserving students in the schools, the political influence was high to tilt the awarding of CBF fund to students in public schools, the public information provided was not delivered timely to needy students for applications to be made, application procedures were not clear to many students as very few had prior knowledge of the requirements and process of applying. Based on the research findings the researcher made the following recommendations; that the government should increase bursary funds allocation to needy students, politicians should not preside over CBF committees and members friends and relatives should be barred from benefitting from the kitty to fight corruption, the public should be provided with full and clear information on bursary using multidimensional media and that application procedures should be availed to applicants and that those who cheat and get awarded should pay hefty fines as a deterrent. School boards of management should be given the mandate to identify needy students and award the full bursaries in order to reduce the dropout rate. Based on the recommendations, further research is suggested on; socio-economic factors influencing disbursement of CDF funds in the whole County, consider poverty index of regions where schools are located and cost of disbursing the funds, effectiveness of bursary schemes to retention and learning outcomes of beneficiaries and finally the same study should be replicated in several parts of the country for correct and representative generalizations to be made from the research work.