Effects of slum upgrading relocation programme on the socio-economic welfare of women: a case study of Kibera Soweto East
The Kenya Slum Upgrading Programme was initiated in the year 2000 through an agreement Between the Government of Kenya and the UN HABITAT. Since the inception of the programme, a number of interventions have been undertaken. This includes improvement of the physical infrastructure such as access roads, water and sanitation, waste disposal and environment. The Kibera Soweto East residents were relocated to the newly constructed houses at the decanting site. This study has looked into the socio economic effects that have affected the women who moved to the new environment. The other objective is to look into policies related to relocation and recommend the best way of engaging women. The research is a case study which has used the conflict and structural functional theories. The social change theory has also been applied. The data has been collected using questionnaires, interviews, observations and focus group discussions. The target sample was the women both in the slum and in the new site in Langata. A total of eighty respondents were interviewed. Forty from the slum and forty who were relocated to the new flats in langata. Data was also collected from the key informants such as the opinion leaders and the area chiefs. The data collected is both qualitative and quantitative. The data includes the household survey which looked into the lifestyles of the women in the two areas. This data has been analyzed manually as the sample size is not large. The findings have then been presented using charts, tables and narrative or description. The research has found out that the women prefer to be relocated to a new site. However they still face many challenges as they have to adjust to the new environment. They have given their recommendations one being that they be fully engaged by the Government in case in activities that directly affect them such as relocation. The policies also need to be looked into to consider women as beneficiaries.