Influence of parental involvement on pupils kcpe performance in public primary schools in Kanziko zone, Kitui county, Kenya
The purpose of this study was to investigate how parental involvement has influenced KCPE performance of pupils in public primary schools in Kanziko zone, Kitui County. The specific objectives were; to access the extent to which parents’ supervision of homework, parents’ attendance to school functions, home Chores assigned to pupils by parents, availability of physical facilities provided at home by parents and parenting styles influence pupils’ KCPE performance in public primary schools in Kanziko zone. The research adopted a descriptive survey design. This was suitable for this study as it helped the researcher establish the existing conditions at home. It further allowed identification of standards or norms with which to compare the parental involvement. The target population was 109 teachers, 505 pupils and 450 parents within the study area. A sample of 90 parents, 55 teachers and 152 pupils were selected through simple random sampling. A pilot study was carried out on a different set of respondents to better plan for the research. The test-retest procedure was used for testing reliability. Teachers’ questionnaire yielded a reliability of 0.76 whereas pupils’ questionnaires yielded a reliability of 0.72 this was considered favorable to warrant reliance on the data collected and its findings. Validity was ensured through discussion with the experts including supervisors and colleagues. Primary data were collected and analyzed using quantitative and qualitative techniques and presented in tables and graphs. Secondary data were obtained from journals and schools data base. Data collected were analyzed using SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences). Descriptive statistics and thematic statistics were used. This assisted in determining the level of influence the independent variables had on the dependent variable. The study findings indicated that educated parents assisted their pupils in doing their school work. The study also revealed that the sorry state of education standards at Kanziko Zone were mainly attributed to the fact that there was little parental involvement. This is a major challenge because parents invest a lot in education and as such need to take more interest in curriculum implementation to improve the performance in national examinations. It was clear that the lack of involvement of parents in school activities hinders efforts to actualize the curriculum. This in-turn leads to poor performance. The study recommends the involvement of parents in all aspects of the curriculum implementation.