Factors influencing implementation of livelihood projects in refugee camps: A case of Dadaab refugee camp, Kenya
A number of issues have influenced successful achievement of livelihood projects goals in the refugee camps. This study was set to examine the factors influencing implementation of livelihood projects in refugee camps, a case of Dadaab Refugee Camp in Garissa County, Kenya. The study objectives looked into political, economic, sociocultural and innovative factors influence on implementation of livelihood project in Dagahaley, Ifo1 and Hagadera camps in Dadaab. The Literature was reviewed from related studies, reports and scholarly works conducted globally, regionally and locally on the mentioned factors. Descriptive survey design was employed with a target population of 1,800 drawn from the existing livelihood projects. A mixed approach of stratified, purposive and convenience sampling procedure was used to identify the 10 livelihood projects and 180 respondents drawn from camp management leadership and implementing agencies representatives (key informants) to achieve desired representation. A response rate of 70% was registered. The data was collected using selfstructured questionnaires and key informant interview guide and analyzed using SPSS Version 21.0. The qualitative data analysis was thematically guided by the study objectives and the statements from the themes correlated to the implementation of livelihood projects. Both inferential and descriptive statistics were represented with the aid of tables, frequencies and percentages. From the study more than 50% of the respondents agreed that political, economic, socio-cultural and innovative factors have influenced the implementation of livelihood projects. To address political influence on implementation of livelihood projects, the study suggests that there should be inclusion and participation of all the relevant stakeholders to formulate policies, strategies and guidelines that will enable effective implementation of livelihood projects in the camp. This will provide operational guidelines that will prevent interference and conflicts. To overcome economic barriers, the livelihood projects needs to provide financial literacy knowledge and appropriate skills to the beneficiaries. The inclusion of more female, PLWD and other minority groups can be addressed through community structured sensitization and advocacies. The study also suggests that innovative methods should be employed to market refugee products and establish partnerships with private sectors for sustainability.