Factors influencing completion of community-initiated projects: the case of Eldoret town, Uasin Gishu county, Kenya
Completion of community projects, has until recently, been an issue of serious concern both to the communities and contractors. The main reasons and causes of project or task failure are embodied in four key dimensions of the task, namely-time, cost, quality and content. This study therefore aimed to assess the factors influencing completion of community- initiated projects; the case of Eldoret, Uasin Gishu County. It specifically sought to determine how economic factors influence completion of community-initiated projects; determine how management factors influence completion of community-initiated projects; establish the political factors influencing completion of community-initiated projects; and determine the influence of project characteristic related factors in the completion of community- initiated projects in Eldoret Town. The study was based on the theory of constraints and the four stages theory. Descriptive survey design was the research design and the study targeted 670 respondents including 70 contractors, 400 members of the community and 200 people who worked as casual labourers within the community projects. Stratified random sampling technique was used to categorize the contractors from the community and the workers then simple random sampling was then used to select 200 of the contractors, community and workers. Questionnaires were used to collect data. To test the reliability of the instruments test retest method was used while validity of the instruments was measured by experts at Nairobi University reviewing the instruments. Data was analyzed using descriptive, correlation and regression analysis then presented in tables. The findings of the study were: Economic factors(β=.393, t=5.968, p<0.000), management factors(β=.193, t=2.593, p<0.004), political factors, (β=.324, t=4.383, p<0.000), and project related factors, (β=.352, t=5.129, p<0.000), had a significant influence on completion of community based projects in Eldoret town, Kenya. The study therefore recommends: the community based project stakeholders and managers should introduce strategic cost mobilization plans to help them acquire the much needed funds to complete projects. They should also engage in prudent management of funds for the managers and effective overseeing for the community so as to curb any embezzlement or misuse of funds. The community based project stakeholders and managers should create a policy that spells out clearly political engagement so as to curb untoward political interruptions. Finally the community based project stakeholders and managers should mechanize all projects by introducing and using new technology. They should also find better ways to complete stalled projects. The study recommends further research to be carried on other factors influencing completion of community-initiated projects the case of Eldoret town, Uasin Gishu County like use of technology and infrastructural policy in a devolved system of government. Further research should be done on government initiated projects to find out whether similar results would be obtained.