Factors influencing implementation of project management in public-funded projects in Kenya – the case of Kenya pipeline company, Nairobi county
The purpose of this study was to establish factors influencing the implementation of project management in public funded projects. This study was guided by the following objectives: to assess the influence of stakeholders’ involvement in the implementation of project management in public funded projects; to find out the influence resource mobilization in the implementation of project management in public funded projects; to establish the extent to which technical skills xiii influence the implementation of project management in public funded projects and to determine the extent to which leadership influences the implementation of project management in public funded projects. Descriptive research design was adopted where both qualitative and quantitative methods of data collection were applied. The target population for the study were the employees of Kenya Pipeline Company, Nairobi County. The target population consisted of project managers and employees in Kenya Pipeline Company. Simple random sampling was used to select employees from the Kenya Pipeline Company while purposive sampling was used to select the project managers. A total of 311 respondents were targeted by the study out of which a total of 238 responded giving a response rate of 77%. Questionnaires and interview schedules were used as instruments for data collection. Questionnaires were used to collect data from the employees while interview schedules were used to collect data from project managers. Data was analyzed through the use of a computer software SPSS. Primary data from the field was edited first. Coding was then done to translate question responses into specific categories. Coding was expected to organize and reduce research data into manageable summaries. Quantitative data collected was analyzed by descriptive statistics while a content analysis technique was used to analyze qualitative data. Descriptive statistics such as frequencies and percentages were used to describe the data. The analyzed data was presented in form of tables. In determining the influence of staff technical skills on the implementation of project management the study found out that the technical skills were inadequate and that technical skill is essential in project management. Regarding the influence of stakeholders’ involvement in the implementation of project management the study found that stakeholder’s level of involvement to be in small extent. On the influence of resource mobilization on the implementation of project management the study found out that inadequate allocation of resources can lead to failure in the implementation of project management to a very large extent. Furthermore, the study also revealed that poor leadership can lead to stalling of project management to a very large extent. From the findings of the study, it can be concluded that staff technical skills has effect on the implementation of project management in that necessary skills play a key role in execution of duties by the employees. The study further concluded that stakeholders’ participation influences the implementation of project management. In addition, it can also be concluded that even though there was funding, inadequate funding affects the implementation of project management. It can finally be concluded that leadership influences the implementation of project management. The study recommends that stakeholder’s participation should be improved in project management in order to reduce resistance from stakeholders. The study recommends that the project managers should provide the necessary resources and facilities for project management without under budgeting. The study further recommends that the qualified staff should be recruited and trained on project management. The study finally recommends that participative leadership should be adopted to avoid poor project management. . The researcher therefore recommends that another study be done factors challenges facing of donor-funded projects in Kenya which was not a concern in this study.