Factors influencing sustainability of social entrepreneurship projects: a case of Iko toilet project Nairobi county, Kenya
Social entrepreneurship has emerged as one of major ways in alleviating global poverty by achieving the social goal. The social entrepreneurship support growth and capacity to create social value. It’s aimed at bringing most affordable and innovative ways to deal with community pressing needs while using local available resources. Social entrepreneurship involves influence on decision making hence a transformed community. There is need to use our limited philanthropic dollars in the best possible ways since financial stability of an organization determines its social value sustainability. This study aimed at identifying factors that influence sustainability of social entrepreneurship projects. This study sought to establish how demand, financial returns, organizational policy and management capacity influence sustainability of IkoToilet social entrepreneurship projects in Nairobi County. The study adopted Positive Theory of Social Entrepreneurship which suggests that the greatest success for a social entrepreneur is to tackle an area of positive externality in such a way that the externality is internalized for the benefit of society and the work of the social entrepreneur is no longer necessary. A target population of 55 persons working in the projects was used to provide required data for the study. A census was conducted to all 55 persons in the population and a purposive sampling was used to identify social entrepreneur and senior manager for in-depth interview. Data was collected using self-administered questionnaire, interview guide and observation method. To predict how the independent variable affects the dependent variable, the researcher used a regression model. The collected data was analyzed using Statistical package for social science version 21. The pilot test was done and the reliability test score was 0.938779, indication very high reliability. The results of the study were analyzed using descriptive statistics and presented using frequency distribution tables, mean, standard deviation and percentages. From the regression analysis the study found out that the organizational policy was the greatest influence towards sustainability of social entrepreneurship projects with 0.093, management capacity was second with 0.089, Financial returns was third with 0.075 and demand had 0.006 level of influence. This agrees with the social entrepreneur views on the greatest contributor to sustainability of the social entrepreneurship projects. 65% of respondents agreed that demand influence on the sustainability was up to a moderate extent. 63% indicated financial returns influence sustainability to a great extent. 61% of respondents agreed that organizational policy influence sustainability of social entrepreneurship projects while 69% indicated that the management capacity influences sustainability to a moderate extent. In conclusion, in as much the social entrepreneurship projects aim at addressing the most pressing need. Its demand in the community members may not be number one factor to ensure its sustainability thus when a need is met, organization policy and management capacity should also be a factor.