Determinants of implementation of non-governmental projects In Kenya: a case of World Vision Osiligi Ipa in Kajiado county
The number of NGOs operating in Kenya continues to increase into the 21st century with the roles that NGOs play in development also has continued to increase. At same time, donors have shifted their funding channels to NGO‟s as that towards state projects declining. Project managers are expected to complete their projects so that they can satisfy the objectives of the main and secondary stakeholders within the set costs and deadline. In particular, project must satisfy or meet stakeholder‟s needs in a positive manner. It was with this background that this study set out to establish the determinants of implementation of NGO projects a case of World Vision Osiligi IPA in the Kajiado County. The first objective of the study was to determine the extent to which Non-Government Organization Management affects the implementation of projects done by Non-Governmental Organizations in Kenya. The second objective of the study was to examine the influence of Project Team on the implementation of projects done by NonGovernmental Organizations in Kenya. The third objective of the study was to establish the extent to which Community Participation influenced the implementation of projects done by Non-Governmental Organizations in Kenya. The fourth objective of the study was to find out how Government Involvement contributes to the implementation of the projects done by NonGovernmental Organizations in Kenya. The study was conducted through a descriptive survey. Data collection was done using questionnaires from a sample of 102 community members who were selected randomly from the clusters. The project manager and project team were also interviewed to give an inside look at the determinants of implementation of Non-Governmental Projects. Selected key persons and community members were involved in a focus group discussion. A response rate of 81.3% was achieved with data processing done using SPSS, while analysis was done using percentages, tabulations, and chi-square test of hypothesis. The research has shown that the community members felt that effective management, a competent project team, community participation, and government involvement are all very important in implementation of NGO projects in the area. However, respondents felt that they are not fully involved in all stages of the project implementation, a situation that tends to make some projects unsuccessful especially during the implementation period. The findings of the study show that competent teams, government involvement, community participation and effective management all have positive impact on the implementation of projects by NGOs. As such, the study recommends NGOs need to embrace community participation and having a competent team in their projects so that the projects can undergo smooth transition during implementation. In addition, the study recommends projects to be initiated only when the sufficient donor funding is available in order to ensure a smooth implementation of projects. In this regard, the study calls for further research on the influence of donor funding in NGOs project implementation.