Influence of world vision services on pupils’ performance in primary schools in Kenya: a case of Matete sub county, Kakamega county
Performance of primary schools in Kenya with respect to pupil preparation on syllabus coverage, assessment and summative evaluation at the end of the eight year is hitched on proper infrastructure, availability of adequate number of teachers, good sanitation facilities and sound management of available resources. The purpose of this study therefore was to investigate the influence of World Vision Kenya services on performance of pupils in primary schools in Matete Sub-county, Kakamega County. The objectives of this study were, to ascertain how sanitation and hygiene intervention services in primary schools influence pupil’s performance. To assess how infrastructure and other relation learning facilities influence performance of pupils in primary schools. To establish how sponsorship influences performance of pupils. To establish how training of head teachers and their teachers influence pupils’ performance and to assess how the provision of Integrated Communication Technology facilities by World Vision influence performance of both teachers and pupils in primary schools in Matete Sub-county. The study was qualitative in nature and adopted a descriptive survey research design to investigate the influence of World Vision services on performance of pupils in primary schools. The study was conducted in 41 public primary schools in Matete Sub-county which are supported by World Vision Matete Area Development Programme. The target population for the study included Head teachers, deputy head teachers, senior teachers, 2 Tac tutors, 1 Quality Assurance and Standards Officer and 1 World Vision Area Development Programme manager. Sample size was 127 respondents; 41 head teachers, 41 deputy head teachers, 41 senior teachers, 2 Tac tutors, 1 Quality Assurance and Standards Officer and 1 World Vision Area Development Programme manager. The sampling technique used was census since the sample size was small. Questionnaire and interview schedule were used as research instruments to collect data. The questionnaire was given to the head teachers, deputy head teachers and senior teachers while for Tac tutors, project officer and Quality Assurance and Standards Officer the interview schedule was employed. Data analysis was based on the objectives designed at the beginning of the research. The data collected was inspected and edited to ascertain their accuracy. The data was organized according to the instrument used; data was analysed using Statistical Packages for Social Scientists software (SPSS). The analyzed responses from the respondents were recorded in form of tables showing frequencies and percentages. Mean and standard deviation were also used. Research findings were that the availability of water improved the sanitation and hygiene of the schools and that sanitation, hand wash program and hygiene intervention influenced pupil’s performance in their schools. It was also found that a major factor that affects performance of pupils was inadequate reading materials, either at home or school, that lack of facilities like furniture, overcrowded classrooms are some of the causes that hinder good performance. Findings also showed that sponsorship had an impact on academic Performance of the pupils in schools through increase in retention rate, reduced absenteeism in pupils and increased enrolment. It was also concluded that training helps head teachers improve their administrative management skills and helps regular teachers improve their planning skills and effective classroom delivery. It need to be noted that Integrated Communication Technology is important in fostering teaching and learning in primary school though it was noted that respondents were not consistent in rating of tasks related to professional work of a teacher’s use of Integrated Communication Technology to improve performance in schools.