The Great Lakes Region Conflict Case Study Of Democratic Republic Of Congo
Conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo continues to causes countless death and destruction of property thus posing greater insecurity in the entire Great lakes region, with DRC security forces and non-state armed groups responsible for serious abuses against civilians. The Rwandan-backed M23 armed group continues to perpetrate widespread war crimes, including summary executions, rapes, and forced recruitment of children into their forces. Numerous other armed groups have carried out horrific attacks on civilians in eastern Congo, including in North and South Kivu, Katanga, and Orientale provinces. Fighters from the Nduma Defense of Congo militia group, led by Ntabo Ntaberi Sheka, killed, raped, and mutilated scores of civilians in North Kivu. They include the Raia Mutomboki, the Nyatura, the Mai Mai Kifuafua, and the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR), a largely Rwandan Hutu armed group, some of whose members participated in the Rwandan genocide in 1994.The conflict revolve around minerals and poor governance. This research paper looks objectively on the causes of conflict, conflict management approaches and the social economic impact of conflict in DRC and the entire Great Lakes region. Greed grievance theory is employed to guide in data collection and analysis. The research paper uses qualitative research design and collection of data done through secondary data from already published material on DRC conflict. The research concludes and recommends measures to be put in place to bring about peace.