Combating national security threats: a comparative study of USA and Kenya terror attacks
The human loss experienced is immeasurable and Kenyans are still reeling in the aftermath of the massacre of the terror attack on this great nation. In the quest to find a suitable definition for terrorism, much has been done but no one conclusive definition has been reached. In this project several definitions have been offered to try in understanding the acts and measure to counter them. Terrorist attacks do not only cause loss of lives, they also have long-standing effects on the economy. In general, terrorism reduces consumers’ and firms’ expectations for the future and forces governments and the private sector to invest in security measures and redirect investment away from more productive economic uses. The Westgate terror attack not only caused Nakumatt to close down the tenants and even nearby residents some were forced to relocate either because they lacked where to go back to or the fear of the memories drove them away as the psychological effect of such experiences are not easily erased from the memory. This Research Project provides an analysis of the terror experiences in Kenya and USA, challenges and lessons learnt. The study has also made various recommendations that could assist counter-terrorism policies. The research project reliedrely on the constructivism theory to explain terrorism and sought ways of combating terrorism. Constructivism’s asserts that social norms shape interests and interests determine state behaviour. It argued that society creates the norms of each state; norms then define identities and identities are the synthesis of common views and values that form a group conscience that sets its behavior.