Strategy implementation challenges in the devolved government units: case of Mombasa county, Kenya
Strategy implementation is the translation of chosen strategy into organizational action so as to achieve strategic goals and objectives. Strategy implementation is also defined as the manner in which an organization should develop, utilize, and amalgamate organizational structure, control systems, and culture to follow strategies that lead to better performance for organizations. Organizational structure allocates special value developing tasks and roles to the employees and states how these tasks and roles can be correlated so as maximize efficiency, quality, and customer satisfaction. But, organizational structure is not sufficient in itself to motivate the employees. An organizational control system is also required. This control system equips managers with motivational incentives for employees as well as feedback on employees and organizational performance. Organizational culture refers to the specialized collection of values, attitudes, norms and beliefs shared by organizational members and groups. Strategy implementation also involves allocation of resources, establishing of structure, assigning responsibilities to achieve organizational goal and objectives. Excellently formulated strategies will fail if they are not properly implemented, also it is essential to note that strategy implementation is not possible unless there is stability between strategy and each organizational dimension such as organizational structure, reward structure and resource-allocation process. Many organizations formulate very good strategic plan but few succeed in its implementations due to various challenges. Devolution of governance is considered as one of the most effective solutions to social challenges that countries encounter from time to time. It is of equal significance that devolved functions are adequately implemented. The objective of the study was to establish the strategy implementation challenges in Mombasa County government. The study employed a case study design. The researcher collected primary data using an interview guide. The data collection procedure had had two stages; the pilot study and the administration of research instruments for data collection. The pilot study helped the researcher in ascertaining the validity of the data collection instrument. After necessary adjustments were made on the instrument, permission was sought from the County government to carry out the study. The chief officers were targeted in the interview. A total of 10 respondents were targeted. From the findings, it can be concluded that the strategy implementation challenges in Mombasa county government include human resource challenges, inadequate financial resources, lack of adequate control and evaluation measures, leadership and poor coordination, ineffective communication, socio cultural factors and political factors. The researcher recommends the need to enforce appropriate policies to ensure that smooth strategy implementation is attained. The study further recommends that all the employees should also be provided with a sound understanding of the requirements of the county strategic plan before embarking on full implementation. The county Governments should ensure that there are sufficient resources for the implementation activities to be realized successfully.