Internationalization of Somali internal conflict by external actors (2000-2014)
The overall aim of this study was to provide an understanding of the role external actors play in Somali internal conflict. To achieve this, the study was guided by three objectives: To examine the role of external actors in internal conflicts, to examine the extent to which external actors contribute to the internationalization of the Somali conflict and, the nexus between external and internal actors to examine peace and stability in Somalia. In order to do so the study applied the conceptual framework based on the ‘new wars’ idea proposed by scholars such as Kaldor and others. The concept explains the changing context and transnational character of wars in the new era. The study thus explored the internationalization of the internal conflict in Somalia that is made so by the involvement of external actors. These actors are states and non state actors. The study reveals that the Somali conflict hosts variety actors who get involved due to different reasons and interests. The study thus, from the findings recommended for extensive international and regional efforts that are based on the motivation for reconstructing Somali and enhancing sustainable peace.