Determinants of Discontinuation of Contraceptive Methods among Women at Kenyatta National Hospital, Kenya
Maina, Susan W
Osanjo, George O
Ndwigah, Stanley N
Opanga, Sylvia A
MetadataShow full item record
Background: Contraceptive use prevalence in Kenya is at 58% according to the 2014 Kenya Demographic Health Survey. Several factors lead to discontinuation and switch of contraceptives. Discontinuation rate as per the 2008/2009 KDHS for one year was 35.8%. Objectives: To find out the determinants of discontinuation and switching of hormonal and IUD contraceptive methods. Methodology: The study was a cross-sectional hospital based one, where data was collected by use of an interviewer administered questionnaire at Kenyatta National Hospital, where 400 women were interviewed. The data was then analyzed by use of the statistical software, SPSS Version 20. Results: The study population mainly comprised married women with a mean age of 31.45±6.40 years. Most women chose a contraceptive method which they perceived had the least adverse effects. Discontinuation rate by the time of study in the study population was 60.8%, with adverse effects as the most cited reason for discontinuation. The method of contraception and presence of co-morbidity were the factors associated with discontinuation of a contraceptive. Survival analysis showed that depot injection and Jadelle® (Levonorgestrel releasing implant 75mg) had the highest median months of use and Impanon® (Etonogestrel implant 68mg) the least. Conclusion: The reasons for discontinuation of contraceptive use include primarily concerns for adverse effects, use inconvenience, desire for pregnancy, contraceptive failure, and doctor’s advice.
The following license files are associated with this item: