The implementation of HIV/AIDS policy at work place: A case study of KenolKobil Limited in Kenya
Barasa, Roselinda A
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This study looked at the current situation regarding the challenges faced by KenolKobil in the implementation of HIV/AIDS Policy at workplace. The study ought to 'find out how much information is available to both the managers and the employees concerning the HIV/AIDS Policy at work place. The research questions for this study were: How effective is the implementation of HIVIAIDS Policy at KenolKobil Company Limited; How do employees react to the HIV IAIDS Policy; What challenges do employers face in the implementation of HlY/AIDS Policy at KenolKobil. The justification ofthis study was that not many studies have been carried out with regard to HIVIAIDS policies at workplace, few studies have touched on the challenges that are being faced in the implementation of workplace HIV/AIDS policies thus a gap for study. This study was designed to fill the gap in terms of how organization are responding or have responded to the HIV/AIDS epidemic in terms of the workforce. The literature review of this study covered the theories of the origin of HIV/AIDS which included the Hunters Theory, Oral Polio Vaccine, Contaminated Needle Theory, Colonialism Theory, Smallpox Theory, and Conspiracy Theory. It also looked at the rapid spread of the epidemic through travel, blood industry, and drug use. The literature review also covered the legal aspects of HIVIAIDS policy. This study presented a single case study design of KenolKobil and the researcher used both Questionnaire and Key Informant Guide as tools of data collection. From a population of three hundred and thirty seven (337) employees, the researcher collected data from one hundred and twenty (120) respondents; among them were seven (7) key managers. Most of the respondents at KenolKobil had no knowledge on HIV/AIDS policy and they do not support the policy. Most of them are aware of their HIVIAIDS status and HIVIAIDS status of other employees. The level of implementation of the policy at KenolKobil was seen as low, therefore there was need for the company to enlighten employees on the importance of the policy.