Factors Influencing Peaceful Co-Existence Among The Communities Kiminini Sub County Kenya
communities in Kiminini Sub-County. It went wide to find factors that affected peaceful co-existence in both negative and positive ways.The study population was 390 residents comprising the Regional administration officers (DC, DOs, Chiefs and Sub-Chiefs), Religious leaders, senior security personnel (OCS, OCPD), Chairpersons of Self Help Groups and local residents. The study adopted a descriptive research design. The study employed both probability and non-probability sampling procedures. The researcher utilized available sampling procedure to get a sample totaling to 161 respondents comprising of 125 local residents, 10 Regional administration officers, 7 senior security officers, 9 Chairpersons and 10 Religious leaders. Quantitative data from questionnaires was analyzed through descriptive and inferential statistics. Measures of distribution, percentages and frequencies were applied in analyzing the data with the aid of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20.The study concluded that political incitement was the main cause of conflict, that illiberal and illiterate people provided a leeway for politicians to incite them for their own political benefits which led to violence that left many people injured and others dead which was the main effect of conflict in Kiminini Sub-county. This affected peace negatively. The study also concluded that poverty, inequality and marginalization were the major reasons for violence. From the study, it’s concluded that initiating sustainable livelihoods through small scale business absorbs most idle and unemployed youth hence a reduced number of youth who can be incited. It also helps curb unemployment and general idleness which has been blamed for violent inter-ethnic conflict. The study also concluded that religious societies, selft help groups and poverty reduction initiatives were the major factoes that promoted peaceful co-existence among communities in Kiminini sub-county.
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