Factors influencing girls’ performance at certificate of secondary school education in benadir region, somalia
The purpose of this study was to determine the factors influencing girls‘ performance at certificate of secondary school education in Benadir region, Somalia. Five objectives were formulated to guide the study; to assess girls‘ attitude towards education on performance at certificate of secondary school education in Benadir region, Somalia, to establish the influence of family educational background on the girls performance at certificate of secondary school education, to determine the influence of domestic chores on girls‘ performance at certificate of secondary school education, to examine the influence of role models on girls‘ performance at certificate of secondary school education and to establish the influence of income levels of parent/guardian on the girls‘ performance at certificate of secondary school education. The research design of the study was descriptive survey and the study population included all the 404 public and private Schools in Benadir region of Somalia. Simple random sampling technique was used to select a sample of 40 schools. Stratified sampling was used to select schools from the four educational zones of Benadir region. Ten secondary schools were randomly selected from each stratum. This gave a total of forty schools for the study. On the part of the students, 400 students (10 from each selected school) were randomly chosen for this study. And 200 teachers (5 teachers from each selected school). Questionnaires and interview tools were used as the main data gathering instruments. The study established that there is a strong correlation between the factors; domestic chores assigned to girls, educational back ground and income level of the parents and availability of role models with performance of girls. To improve performance of girls, the government, teachers and parents must cooperate and participate effectively for that development. It is recommended that government needs to help parents to be concern about their children‘s education to help them improve in academic performance. This can achieved through such activities as awareness raising campaigns targeting parents, particularly mothers. Others are rigorous campaign to register girls in schools and help parents to change attitudes and lighten the household workload of the girl and provide her with the time and a comfortable space for learning at home. National policies should constitute the general framework for the guidance and coordination of girls education. Further research on the reasons behind the poor performance of girls at certificate of secondary schools can be done.