Influence Of Headteachers’ Motivational Practices On Teachers’ Instructional Performance In Public Primary Schools In Kibwezi Sub-County, Kenya
The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of head teachers’ motivational performance in public primary schools in Kibwezi Sub-County. Four objectives were formulated to guide the study. These were; to determine the influence of involvement of teachers in decision making by head teachers, provision of conducive working environment, supervision of teachers and recognition on primary school teachers instructional performance. The study used descriptive research survey design. The target population consisted of 162 head teachers in the primary schools and 1,382 teachers working in Kibwezi Sub-County. Simple random sampling was used to sample 16 head teachers since it ensured equal chances for all schools. The study used stratified random sampling to sample 414 teachers. The study used interview guide and questionnaire, where by teachers responded to a questionnaire while the head teachers responded to an interview. The two; questionnaire and an interview guide were picked due to their convenience and low cost. Both quantitative and qualitative data analysis techniques were used. In quantitative data analysis, numeral values were used while in qualitative data analysis, frequencies and percentages were used to report the data. The study found that teachers were motivated with the decision making provided by the head teachers during formation of school rules and regulation. On discipline matters teachers were demotivated while on training teachers were demotivated. On the provision of conducive working environment by the head teachers, majority of the teachers were demotivated with the conditions of the office and staff on teaching and on learning materials teachers were motivated. Concerning supervision of teachers by the head teacher majority teachers were demotivated with checking of schemes of work by the head teachers, teachers were demotivated with recommendation for further training by the head teacher. Concerning recognition of teachers by the majority of teachers were dissatisfied with training opportunities provided by the head teacher. Majority of the teachers indicated their demotivation with certification. The study found out that teachers needed to be involved in decision making, provided with conducive working environment, supervised and recognized by the head teacher for better instructional performance. The study concluded that the head teacher and other stakeholders should come up with ways for effecting the above mentioned variables. The study recommended that the government should provide budgetary allocation to build additional classrooms to resolve the issue of overcrowding.
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