Influence Of Information Communication Technology On Teaching And Learning Of English In Public Secondary Schools Marani Sub-County, Kisii County, Kenya
Kabaka, Evarine Okenyuri
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Over the last few decades, ICT has become increasingly important in all organizations in modern societies including schools. Expectation about ICT and its role in developing and transforming the educational process through its inclusion in the daily school environment is increasing in many developed and developing countries. The purpose of the study was to establish the influence of Information Communication Technology on teaching and learning of English in public secondary schools in Marani sub- County. The specific objectives were: to examine how use of ICT influences teaching and learning of reading, writing, speaking and listening skills in English language. This study adopted a mixed approach both quantitative and qualitative methods were used to collect data. The study targeted all the 30 public secondary schools, 82 teachers of English, 2,851 Form 2 and 3 students as well as the Quality Assurance and Standards Officer (QASO) study area. A total sample of 368 respondents who consisted of 285 students and 82 teachers. The researcher used both descriptive and inferential statistics regression analysis to establish the relationship between the independent variables and dependent variables of the study. The study established that most students in study area enjoy computer assisted lessons, ICT influence learning of English skills in reading, writing, speaking and listening however most secondary schools in study areas do not have adequate ICT tools and infrastructure as well as that most teachers do not have advanced training on computer which was found to be hampering the transfer of such skills to students. The major conclusions were that; ICT is critical tool to enhance teaching and learning of English as a subject, It is also an important resource and most effective when embedded in the curriculum and integrated into units of work and therefore English teacher can maximize their impact if ICT is available in their classrooms by ensuring that they and their students use ICT as an integral part of teaching and learning of English lessons. The key recommendations for the study were that there is a need for teachers to be well trained to enable integration of ICT in teaching and learning of not only English but all subjects. The government should enhance the economic stimulus program to enable more schools access ICT infrastructure since it is the major challenges among the public schools in Marani Sub-County and that there is need to examine other factors affecting adoption of ICT like lack support from the community and understaffing.
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