It is common knowledge that many African countries inherited
a colonial administrative/development framework which has
been countffproductive to the aspirations of the indigenous
population. The adminstrative and technical tools of development
inherited at independence were largely of a 1 top-down'
nature so designed as to accommodate the objectives of the
colonial leadership. This administrative and development
framework has been for a long timeLused wholesale or with /been
minor ad j u st.me nt s . It is an established fact that if governments
are going to respond more readily to the needs of their
rural population they will have to establish a greater
presence and solicit the participation of the masses at grassroot
level. Kenya has in the p~st tried with varying amount
of political commitment to adapt a 'bottom-up' approach
instead of 'top-down' approach.