An Assessment Of Public Perception On The Implementation Of Community Based Policing In Kibera Informal Settlement In Nairobi, Kenya. Dickson Wekesa Simiyu
This study sought to assess public perception on the implementation of community based policing in Kibera Informal Settlement in Nariobi, Kenya. The objectives of the study were to: identify the common types of crimes in Kibera; establish the role of community based policing in crime prevention and control in Kibera; determine the extent of Kibera residents' participation in decision making for community based policing; and investigate the perception of Kibera residents regarding the implementation of community based policing. The study employed a descriptive survey design targeting all the 700,000 residents of Kibera, the national government administrators, civil society members and religious leaders. Cluster sampling and simple random sampling were used to select 103 respondents, while purposive sampling was employed to select 1 assistant county commissioner, 2 chiefs, 2 civil society organization members and 2 religious leaders. The study used questionnaires and interview schedules to collect data. Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected. Quantitative data was processed and analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Scientists (SPSS) while qualitative data was analyzed through themes consistent with the research objectives. The study established that Kibera still exhibited high levels of crimes even with the implementation of community based policing. Ineffective police-public partnerships, inadequate information sharing and poor public image of the police were undermining the envisioned role of community based policing. Additionally, Kibera residents nurtured unfavourable perception towards CBP implementation due to lack of adequate inclusivity in CP forums and the involvement of police who had earned public distrust . The study recommends that community members should work closely with the security agencies especially in volunteering information about suspicious characters and actions to help curb insecurity. Government on the other hand, should enhance the use of community based policing as a strategic style of policing through budgetary provisions, provide regular trainings to foster public sensitization on the implementation of community based policing and hence, change residents‟ unfavourable perception towards the implementation of the programme. Further studies are recommended in other counties where community based policing is being implemented.
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