Determinants of contraceptive method choice in Kenya
Most studies on contraceptives focus only on contraceptive use and/or prevalence, especially in Africa south of the Sahara. These studies are not by themselves complete to inform and guide policy and programme interventions. These studies coupled up with studies on determinants of contraceptive method choice can provide a better guide to policy makers and program implementers on matters dealing with contraceptive. It has therefore become necessary, especially with the most recent Kenya Demographic and Health Survey data to explore and understand the factors that contribute towards the choice of a contraceptive method. The objective of the study was to establish the determinants of contraceptive method choice. Data for the study was obtained from 2014 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey data. The study applied a multinomial logit model to determine the factors that influence the choice of a contraceptive method. The results from the model show the continued dominance of injectable over other methods. Women of zero parity and those who have never been in union are the only ones that demonstrate a preference towards condom use. The results further show the impact of education, employment, wealth, place of residence and other factors on contraceptive behavior such as religion. In order for the population programmes to have a bigger impact on fertility, policy makers and programme implementers need to understand the factors associated with method choice and purpose to impact on these factors in order to promote or discourage the use of certain methods. Apart from more funding towards family planning programmes, women’s level of education and standards or living should be improved.